Union Budget 2022-23

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⦁ The Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Smt Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Union Budget 2022-23 in Parliament on February 1, 2022.
⦁ The key highlights of the budget are as follows:
⦁ India’s economic growth estimated at 9.2% to be the highest among all large economies.
⦁ 60 lakh new jobs to be created under the productivity linked incentive scheme in 14 sectors.
⦁ PLI Schemes have the potential to create an additional production of Rs 30 lakh crore.
⦁ Entering Amrit Kaal, the 25 year long lead up to India @100, the budget provides impetus for growth along four priorities:
I. PM GatiShakti
II. Inclusive Development
III. Productivity Enhancement & Investment, Sunrise opportunities, Energy Transition, and Climate Action.
IV. Financing of investments
PM GatiShakti
⦁ The seven engines that drive PM GatiShakti are Roads, Railways, Airports, Ports, Mass Transport, Waterways and Logistics Infrastructure.
PM GatiShkati National Master Plan
⦁ The scope of PM GatiShakti National Master Plan will encompass the seven engines for economic transformation, seamless multimodal connectivity and logistics efficiency.
⦁ The projects pertaining to these 7 engines in the National Infrastructure Pipeline will be aligned with PM GatiShakti framework.
Road Transport
⦁ National Highways Network to be expanded by 25000 Km in 2022-23.
⦁ Rs 20000 Crore to be mobilized for National Highways Network expansion.
Multimodal Logistics Parks
⦁ Contracts to be awarded through PPP mode in 2022-23 for implementation of Multimodal Logistics Parks at four locations.
Railways
⦁ One Station One Product concept to help local businesses & supply chains.
⦁ 2000 Km of railway network to be brought under Kavach, the indigenous world class technology and capacity augmentation in 2022-23.
400 new generation Vande Bharat Trains to be manufactured during the next three years.
100 PM GatiShakti Cargo terminals for multimodal logistics to be developed during the next three years.
Parvatmala
⦁ National Ropeways Development Program, Parvatmala to be taken up on PPP mode.
⦁ Contracts to be awarded in 2022-23 for 8 ropeway projects of 60 Km length.
Inclusive Development
⦁ Agriculture
⦁ Rs. 2.37 lakh crore direct payment to 1.63 crore farmers for procurement of wheat and paddy.
⦁ Chemical free Natural farming to be promoted throughout the county. Initial focus is on farmer’s lands in 5 Km wide corridors along river Ganga.
⦁ NABARD to facilitate fund with blended capital to finance startups for agriculture & rural enterprise.
‘Kisan Drones’ for crop assessment, digitization of land records, spraying of insecticides and nutrients.
Ken Betwa project
⦁ 1400 crore outlay for implementation of the Ken – Betwa link project.
⦁ 9.08 lakh hectares of farmers’ lands to receive irrigation benefits by Ken-Betwa link project.
MSME
⦁ Udyam, e-shram, NCS and ASEEM portals to be interlinked.
⦁ 130 lakh MSMEs provided additional credit under Emergency Credit Linked Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS)
⦁ ECLGS to be extended up to March 2023.
⦁ Guarantee cover under ECLGS to be expanded by Rs 50000 Crore to total cover of Rs 5 Lakh Crore.
⦁ Rs 2 lakh Crore additional credit for Micro and Small Enterprises to be facilitated under the Credit Guarantee Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE).
⦁ Raising and Accelerating MSME performance (RAMP) programme with outlay of Rs 6000 Crore to be rolled out.
Skill Development
⦁ Digital Ecosystem for Skilling and Livelihood (DESH-Stack e-portal) will be launched to empower citizens to skill, reskill or upskill through on-line training.
⦁ Startups will be promoted to facilitate ‘Drone Shakti’ and for Drone-As-A-Service (DrAAS).
Education
‘One class-One TV channel’ programme of PM eVIDYA to be expanded to 200 TV channels.
⦁ Virtual labs and skilling e-labs to be set up to promote critical thinking skills and simulated learning environment.
⦁ High-quality e-content will be developed for delivery through Digital Teachers.
⦁ Digital University for world-class quality universal education with personalised learning experience to be established.
Health
⦁ An open platform for National Digital Health Ecosystem to be rolled out.
‘National Tele Mental Health Programme’ for quality mental health counselling and care services to be launched.
⦁ A network of 23 tele-mental health centres of excellence will be set up, with NIMHANS being the nodal centre and International Institute of Information Technology-Bangalore (IIITB) providing technology support.
Saksham Anganwadi
⦁ Integrated benefits to women and children through Mission Shakti, Mission Vatsalya, Saksham Anganwadi and Poshan 2.0.
⦁ Two lakh anganwadis to be upgraded to Saksham Anganwadis.
Har Ghar, Nal Se Jal
⦁ Rs. 60,000 crore allocated to cover 3.8 crore households in 2022-23 under Har Ghar, Nal se Jal.
Housing for All
⦁ Rs. 48,000 crore allocated for completion of 80 lakh houses in 2022-23 under PM Awas Yojana.
Banking
⦁ 100 per cent of 1.5 lakh post offices to come on the core banking system.
⦁ Scheduled Commercial Banks to set up 75 Digital Banking Units (DBUs) in 75 districts.
e-Passport
⦁ e-Passports with embedded chip and futuristic technology to be rolled out.
Export Promotion
⦁ Special Economic Zones Act to be replaced with a new legislation to enable States to become partners in ‘Development of Enterprise and Service Hubs’.
AtmaNirbharta in Defence:
⦁ 68% of capital procurement budget earmarked for domestic industry in 2022-23, up from 58% in 2021-22.
⦁ Defence R&D to be opened up for industry, startups and academia with 25% of defence R&D budget earmarked.
⦁ Independent nodal umbrella body to be set up for meeting testing and certification requirements.
Energy Transition and Climate Action:
⦁ Additional allocation of Rs. 19,500 crore for Production Linked Incentive for manufacture of high efficiency solar modules to meet the goal of 280 GW of installed solar power by 2030.
⦁ Five to seven per cent biomass pellets to be co-fired in thermal power plants:
⦁ CO2 savings of 38 MMT annually,
⦁ Extra income to farmers and job opportunities to locals,
⦁ Help avoid stubble burning in agriculture fields.
Public Capital Investment:
⦁ Public investment to continue to pump-prime private investment and demand in 2022-23.
⦁ Outlay for capital expenditure stepped up sharply by 35.4% to Rs. 7.50 lakh crore in 2022-23 from Rs. 5.54 lakh crore in the current year.
⦁ Outlay in 2022-23 to be 2.9% of GDP.
⦁ ‘Effective Capital Expenditure’ of Central Government estimated at Rs. 10.68 lakh crore in 2022-23, which is about 4.1% of GDP.
Digital Rupee
⦁ Introduction of Digital Rupee by the Reserve Bank of India starting 2022-23.
Providing Greater Fiscal Space to States
⦁ Enhanced outlay for ‘Scheme for Financial Assistance to States for Capital Investment’:
⦁ From Rs. 10,000 crore in Budget Estimates to Rs. 15,000 crore in Revised Estimates for current year
⦁ Allocation of Rs. 1 lakh crore in 2022-23 to assist the states in catalysing overall investments in the economy: fifty-year interest free loans, over and above normal borrowings
⦁ In 2022-23, States will be allowed a fiscal deficit of 4% of GSDP, of which 0.5% will be tied to power sector reforms
Fiscal Management
⦁ Budget Estimates 2021-22: Rs. 34.83 lakh crore
⦁ Revised Estimates 2021-22: Rs. 37.70 lakh crore
⦁ Total expenditure in 2022-23 estimated at Rs. 39.45 lakh crore
⦁ Total receipts other than borrowings in 2022-23 estimated at Rs. 22.84 lakh crore
⦁ Fiscal deficit in current year: 6.9% of GDP (against 6.8% in Budget Estimates)
⦁ Fiscal deficit in 2022-23 estimated at 6.4% of GDP
Cooperative societies
⦁ Alternate Minimum Tax paid by cooperatives brought down from 18.5 per cent to 15 per cent.
⦁ To provide a level playing field between cooperative societies and companies.
⦁ Surcharge on cooperative societies reduced from 12 per cent to 7 per cent for those having total income of more than Rs 1 crore and up to Rs 10 crores.
Parity in National Pension Scheme Contribution
⦁ Tax deduction limit increased from 10 per cent to 14 per cent on employer’s contribution to the NPS account of State Government employees.
⦁ Brings them at par with central government employees.
⦁ Would help in enhancing social security benefits.
Incentives for Start-ups
⦁ Period of incorporation extended by one year, up to 31.03.2023 for eligible start-ups to avail tax benefit.
⦁ Previously the period of incorporation valid up to 31.03.2022.
Tariff measure to encourage blending of fuel
⦁ Unblended fuel to attract an additional differential excise duty of Rs 2/ litre from the 1st of October 2022 – to encourage blending of fuel.

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