India State of Forest Report, 2019

0
757

India State of Forest Report, 2019

Background: –

  • India’s first National Forest Policy in the British period was published in the year 1894
  • The first National Forest Policy of independent India was formulated in the year 1952.
  • The India Forest Status Report is published on biennial basis by the Forest Survey of India since the year 1987.
  • It was not published in the year 2007.
  • ISFR 2019 is the 16th report in the series.

India Forest Status Report, 2019 Important Facts: –

  • The Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar 30 December, 2019 released the biennial “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”, in New Delhi.
  • The present assessment, the total forest and tree cover of the country is 80.73 million hectare which is 24.56 percent of the geographical area of the country.
  • According to the India Forest Status Report, 2019, the forest and tree cover in the country has increased by 5188 sq km compared to 2017.
  • The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
  • The tree cover of the country is estimated as 95,027 sq km which is 2.89% of the geographical area.
  • The total Forest and Tree cover of the country is 8,07,276 sq km which is 24.56% of the geographical area of the country.
  • The current assessment shows an increase of 3,976 sq km (0.56%) of forest cover, 1,212 sq km (1.29%) of tree cover and 5,188 sq km (0.65%) of forest and tree cover put together, at the national level as compared to the previous assessment i.e. ISFR 2017.
  • The top five States in terms of increase in forest cover are Karnataka (1,025 sq km), Andhra Pradesh (990 sq km), Kerala (823 sq km), Jammu & Kashmir (371 sq km) and Himachal Pradesh (334 sq km).
  • Forest cover in the hill districts of the country is 2,84,006 sq km, which is 40.30% of the total geographical area of these districts.
  • The current assessment shows an increase of 544 sq km (0.19%) in 140 hill districts of the country.
  • The total forest cover in the tribal districts is 4,22,351 sq km, which is 37.54% of the geographical area of these districts.
  • Total forest cover in the North Eastern region is 1,70,541 sq km, which is 65.05% of its geographical area.
  • The current assessment shows a decrease of forest cover to the extent of 765 sq km (0.45%) in the region. Except Assam and Tripura, all the States in the region show decrease in forest cover.
  • Mangrove cover in the country has increased by 54 sq km (1.10%) as compared to the previous assessment.
  • Total bamboo bearing area of the country is estimated as 1,60,037 sq km. There is an increase of 3,229 sq km in bamboo bearing area as compared to the estimate of ISFR 2017.
                                   India Forest Status Report, 2019 Important Facts
Total forest and tree cover in the country8,07,276 sq km
Forest and tree cover in geographical area24.56 %

 

Forest share in geographical area21.67 % (712249 sq km)

 

Increase in forest cover3976 sq km

 

Increase in tree cover area1212 sq km

 

Increase in total forest cover and tree cover area5188 sq km

 

 

  • The 5 states maximum forest cover in terms of area are respectively – Madhya Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra.
  • The 5 states with minimum forest cover in terms of area are Haryana, Punjab, Goa, Sikkim and Bihar respectively.
  • The 5 Union Territories with maximum forest cover in terms of area are respectively Jammu and Kashmir, Andaman and Nicobar, Ladakh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Delhi.
  • The 5 states maximum forest cover in percentage terms are Mizoram (85.41%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%), Meghalaya (76.33%), Manipur (75.46%) and Nagaland (75.31%) respectively.
  • The 5 states with minimum forest cover in terms of percentage are Haryana (3.62%), Punjab (3.67%), Rajasthan (4.86%), Uttar Pradesh (6.15%) and Gujarat (7.57%) respectively.
  • In terms of percentage, the 5 most UTs are Lakshadweep (90.33%), Andaman & Nicobar (81.74%), Dadra & Nagar Haveli (42.16%), Jammu & Kashmir (39.66%) and Chandigarh (19.32%) respectively. .
  • The 5 states / union territories maximum forest cover in percentage terms are Lakshadweep (90.33%), Mizoram (85.41%), Andaman & Nicobar (81.74%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%) and Meghalaya (76.33%) respectively.
  • Mangrove cover has been separately reported in the ISFR 2019 and the total mangrove cover in the country is 4,975 sq km.
  • An increase of 54 sq Km in mangrove cover has been observed as compared to the previous assessment of 2017.
  • Top three states showing mangrove cover increase are Gujarat (37 sq km) followed by Maharashtra (16 sq km) and Odisha (8 sq km).
  • The maximum mangrove covered states / union territories in India are respectively – West Bengal (2,112 sq km), Gujarat (1,177 sq km), Andaman and Nicobar (616 sq km), Andhra Pradesh (404 sq km), Maharashtra (320 sq km), Odisha (251 sq km).

 

 

 

 

 

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here