Full Form of Computer Abbreviations


A/D – Analog-to-Digital

ABC – Atanasoff Berry Computer

ACM – Association for Computing Machinery

ADC – Analog to Digital Converter

ADC – Advanced Disk Catalog

ADCA – Advance Diploma in Computer Applications

AI – Artificial Intelligence

ALGOL – Algorithmic Language

ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

API – Application Program Interface

APRANET – Advanced Research Project Agency Network

ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASP – Active Server Page

ASP – Application Service Provider

ATM – Automated Teller Machine

BARC – Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

BASIC – Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCD – Binary Coded Decimal

BIOS – Basic Inpute Output System

BIPS – Billions of Instructions Per Second

BPI – Bytes Per Inch

BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

CAD – Computer Aided Design

CAE – Computer Aided Engineering

CAM – Computer-aided Manufacturing

CAN – Campus Area Network

CASE – Computer Aided Software Engineering

CD – Compact Disk

CDC – Control Data Corporation

CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access

CD-R – CD-Recordable

CD-ROM – Compact Disk Read Only Memory

CD-RW – CD Read/Write

CL – Command Language

CLI – Command Line Interface

COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language

CODASYL – Conference On Data Systems Languages

CPU – Central Processing Unit

CRM – Customer relationship management

CRT – Cathode Ray Tube

CSS – Cascading Style Sheets

D/A – Digital-to-Analog

DAC – Digital-to-Analog Converter

DAT – Digital Audio Tape

DBMS – Data Base Management System

DBS -Demand Based Switching

DCL – Data Control Language

DDL – Data Definition Language

DDS – Digital Data Storage

DEC – Digital Equipment Corporation

DFD – Data Flow Diagrams

DMA – Direct Memory Access

DNA – Digital Network Architecture

DNS – Domain Name System

DOS – Disk Operating System

DPI – Dots Per Inch

DRDO – Defence Research and Development Organisation

DRAM – Dynamic RAM

DSN – Distributed Systems Network

DTP – Desk-Top Publishing

DTS – Digital Theater System

DVD – Digital Video/Versatile Disk

EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

E-commerce – Electronic Commerce

EDP – Electronic Data Processing

EDSAC – Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator

EDVAC – Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Calculator

EFM – Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation

E Mail – Electronic Mail

ENIAC – Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer

EPG – Electronic Programming Guide

EPIC – Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing

EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

FAT – File Allocation Table

FDM – Frequency Division Multiplexing

FEP – Front End Processor

FLOPS – Floating Point Operations Per Second

FM – Frequency Modulation

FMS – File Management System

FORTRAN – Formula Translation

FSK – Frequency Shift Keying

FTP – File Transfer Protocol

GB – Giga Byte

GFLOPS – Gigaflops

GHz – Giga Hertz

GIS – Geographic Information System

GNU – Gnu’s Not Unix

GPRS – General Packet Radio Service

GSM – Global System for Mobile communication

GUI – Graphical User Interface

HP – Hewlett Packard

HSS – Hierarchical Storage System

HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language

HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer  Protocol

IBM – International Business Machine

IC – Integrated Circuit

ICMP – Internet Control Message Protocol

IDN – Integrated Digital Networks

IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol

IP – Internet Protocol

IrDA – Infrared Data Association

IRC – Internet Relay Chat

ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network

ISP – Internet Service Provider

IT – Information Technology

JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

JRE – Java Runtime Engine

JSP – Java Server Pages

KB – Kilo Bytes

KBPS – kilobyte per Second

KHz – Kilo Hertz

LAN – Local Area Network

LCD – Liquid Crystal Display

LED – Light Emitting Diode

LIFI – Light Fidelity

LPM – Line Per Minute

LSI – Large Scale Integration

MAN – Metropolitan Area Network

MAR – Memory Address Register

MB – Mega Byte

MBR – Memory Buffer Register

MBR – Master Boot Record

MHz – Mega Hertz

MICR – Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second

MNP – Microcom Networking Protocol

MNP – Mobile Number Portability

MODEM – Modulator-Demodulator

MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group

MS-ACCESS – Microsoft Access

MS-DOS – Microsoft Disk Operating System

MS-EXCEL – Microsoft Excel

MSI – Medium Scale Integration

MS-WINDOWS – Microsoft Windows

MS-WORD – Microsoft Word

MTNL – Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited

MVT – Multiprogramming with a Variable Number of Tasks

NIC – Network Interface Card

NICNET – National Informatics Centre Network

NOS – Network Operating System

OCR – Optical Character Recognition

OMR – Optical Mark Recognition / Optical Mark Reading

OQL – Object Query Language

OS – Operating System

OSI – Open System Interconnection

OSS – Open Source Software

OSS – Operations support systems

PAN – Personal Area Network

PC – Personal Computer

PDF – Portable Document Format

PDL – Program Design Language

PDL – Page Description Language

PDP – Programed Data Processor

PIP – Peripheral Interchange Program

PNG – Portable Network Graphics

POP – Post Office Protocol

PROM – Programmable Read-Only Memory

PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network

PSW – Program Status Word

QoS – Quality of Service

RAM – Random Access Memory

ROM – Read Only Memory

RPG – Report Program Generator

SCSI – Small Computer System Interface

SDLC – Software Development Life Cycle

SEQUEL – Structured English Query Language

SGML – Standard Generalized Markup Language

SIM – Subscriber Identity Module or Subscriber Identification Module

SIMM – Single In-line Memory Module

SMS – Short Message Service

SMPS – Switched-Mode Power Supply

SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNA – Systems Network Architecture

SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol

SNOBOL – StriNg Oriented and symBOlic Language

SQL – Standardized Query Language

SRAM – Static RAM

SSI – Small Scale Integration

TB – Tera Byte

TCP – Transmission Control Protocol

TDM – Time Division Multiplexing

UDP – User Datagram Protocol

ULSI – Ultra Large Scale Integration

UPC – Universal Product Code

UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply or Uninterruptible Power Source

URL – Uniform Resource Locator

USB – Universal Serial Bus

UTF – Unicode Transformation Format

VAN – Value Added Network

VCR – Video Cassette Recorder

VDT – Video Display Terminal

VGA – Video Graphics Array

VLSI – Very Large Scale Integration

VOD – Video on Demand

VoIP – Voice over Internet Protocol

VSAT – Very Small Aperture Terminal

WAN – Wide Area Network

WAP – Wireless Application Protocol

WEP – Wired Equivalent Privacy

WIFI – Wireless Fidelity

WIMAX – Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network

WLL – Wireless Local Loop

WORM – Write Once Read Many

WWW – World Wide Web

XHTML – Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML – Extensible Markup Language


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